Australia one of the largest island and the smallest continent is famed for its sunshine and laid-back lifestyle. It is a land rich with gorgeous landscapes, unique wildlife and sunny beaches and also home to some of the world’s noteworthy monuments. Some of these monuments have been honoured as UNESCO World Heritage Sites because of their natural beauty or cultural or historical importance.
- Australian War Memorial
It is one of the country’s most famous monuments situated in Canberra paying homage to all military personnel who have sacrificed their lives throughout the Australian history. It was completed in 1941 and a cross-shaped design with three main components, the Commemorative Area (shrine), Memorial Galleries and Research Centre. It also houses a museum and a tomb of an unknown soldier.
- Shrine of Remembrance
This monument honours the 114,000 people of Victoria who lost their lives in the Great War of 1914-1918. The shrine was designed by architects Philip Hudson and James Wardrop who both were World War I veterans. The design is inspired by ancient Mausoleum of Maussollos at Halicarnassus. The shrine embraces features such as Ray of Light, Cenotaph, Eternal Flame and a water garden known as Remembrance Garden.
- Sydney Opera House
One of the world’s most instantly recognisable buildings, the Sydney Opera House is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located on Bennelong Point in Sydney. The splendid ship like structure of the monument is a venue for national and international performing arts hosting more than 1500 shows each year and attracting more than a million guests.
Uluru also known as Ayers Rock is a massive sandstone monolith in the southern part of the Northern Territory situated 300 miles from the town of Alice Springs. It is situated within Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is of great cultural significance to the indigenous people of the land. Uluru rock changes colour as different light strikes it at different times of the day and year.
- Great Barrier Reef
The world’s largest coral reef system composed of over 2900 individual reefs has a breathtaking beauty. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site stretching for over 2300 kilometres and is even visible from the outer space. The Great Barrier Reef is home to 1500 species of colourful fish, molluscs, starfish, turtles, 30 species of whales and dolphins and sharks.
- Quarantine Station
The spooky story behind the Quarantine Station is enough to send chills down the spine. This historical monument was once a temporary home to immigrants arriving in Australia. It was used to isolate people afflicted with contagious diseases such as Smallpox, Bubonic Plague or Spanish Influenza top prevent diseases and infection from being introduced to the people of Australia. The untimely deaths of some of the unfortunate residents have left ghostly tales for us to listen to. Several visitors have claimed spirit encounters and strange paranormal activities.
The Station was leased to Mawland Quarantine Station Pty Ltd and an agreement signed in presence of property conveyancer Melbourne for adaptive re-use and conservation works in October 2006. It will operate as a cultural tourism based facility with a range of visitor facilities and services, including accommodation; a restaurant, visitor centre and museum; and site tours. Activities on the site will be regulated through a comprehensive environmental compliance framework.
The above-mentioned are some of the historical monuments that you should definitely visit once.